Author: JD Conway
Publisher: Arcadia Publishing
The following interview & # 39; nd held: NORM GOLDMAN: Bookpleasures.com Editor
Today, Norm Goldman, Bookpleasures.com editor has the honor to take as our guest Jim (JD) Conway, author of Monterey: Presidio, Pueblo and Port ( "Making of America Series"). Jim genealaga besides historian and coordinator of the museum of the city of Monterrey.
Hello, Jim, and thank you for agreeing to participate in our interview & # 39; S.
Jim, can you tell us about the personal and professional lives. What are your responsibilities City Museum Coordinator Monterrey?
Thanks Norma for your interest in my book. As coordinator of the Museum of the city of Monterrey, I am responsible for museums, which belong to the city, as well as cultural events.
We have 4 museum premises:
*** Colton Hall: it was launched in 1847 and completed in 1849. It was the site of the Constitutional Convention in 1849, it was there that California became a state
*** The Presidium of the Museum of Monterrey. It is located in the heart of Lower Prezidyo Park, which is 26 acres of one of the historic lands throughout California. The museum traces the military heritage of the city through the Spanish, Mexican and American periods.
*** In Cannery Row we have 3 "job houses", which explain the conditions of life for migrant workers who have helped make Monterey the Sardinian capital of the world.
*** Across the street from the boulders is Pacific Biological Laboratory. There are home, office and laboratory Edward Flanders Ryketsa that Steynbek immortalized Doc. The city also has an extensive art collection that I watch.
I was born in Hope, Arkansas, grew up in southern New Mexico and went to college at the University of New Mexico Highlands in Las Vegas, New Mexico, where he studied history and political science.
I like to say that after four years of study, I then spent another four years in the Marine Corps, where he received his education and, including a tour in B & # 39; etnam. After the Marine Corps, I worked for many years the head of logistics and warehouse. In fact, it is this business brought me to Monterey County, where I worked in the sugar company Spreckels. It was almost time. We lived in the company of the city with the generations of employees who have worked at the company. It was a calm impression, and when I went back to school to graduate in 1997, the thesis was Spreckels topic, and these were the first fifty years in the Salinas Valley. Working in Sugar Company, I was interested in family history, back in college, in the classroom for genealogy, and it fueled my passion for history.
After receiving a master's degree in the history of San Jose, I went to work in the city of Monterrey as an employee of the museum and researcher. Over the next 6 years, my responsibilities have expanded to include all the museums and cultural art events. But at heart I am a historian. I am married and have two adult children and two grandchildren.
How did you become interested in the history of Monterrey and what made you write Monterrey: Prezidyo, Pueblo and Port?
When I first came to work in the city, my boss asked me to investigate the history of Monterrey in 1849 between the end of the constitutional & # 39; Congress and the 1880 opening of the hotel Del Monte. I found that the historians of this period was very launched. Much of the information that they had been based on the widespread idea that Monterey was passed by during the gold rush, and, according to one historian of California, "this Mexican village with no ambition." The more I researched, the more realized that the necessary update history Monterrey. New evidence, research and new interpretation of the converted Monterrey and this story needs to be told.
What are the important historical attractions worth a visit, or visit Monterei and why are they important?
In Montereya a diverse past, that the choice of reference becomes a personal advantage.
*** If they are interested in the native inhabitants or the Spanish and Mexican periods, location for the old town.
*** The path of history offers visitors the opportunity to visit all the historic buildings and estates, which are part of the historic district.
*** On the way it is the Cathedral of San Carlos, one of the oldest European building in California, which is used today. I think it is necessary.
*** I may be biased, but the Lower Prezidyo Historical Park was the site of his village 2,000 years before the arrival of the Spaniards. This is also the place where the Look landed in 1602 and where his father and Captain Serra de Portola met to establish Monterei June 3, 1770. In the park – the only place in California, which was conducted overland and naval battle, and the site of the first American fort in California, and possibly the entire West Coast. And it just takes until 1846, and after the US government much more. I admitted that some of the most stunning views of the bay go out of the park?
*** If any interest is linked to the history of literature that promotes Shteynbek, they will not want to miss the canning line. I like to challenge the visitors when they are on Cannery Row factory, and seek to distinguish between fictional stories from real events and places that make up the canning and fishing business. In Monterey there are museums and art galleries, which can save the younger to the older man.
When is the best time to visit Monterey and why?
Another difficult question. If the weather is good & # 39; f you are looking for, I would suggest the fall. However, in the summer months (the problem is not cool) more festivals and events going on. But if you want to skip a lot of the crowd December to April, the best of times.
The history of Monterrey is different from other neighboring areas, such as Carmel, Pacific, Salinas, etc.?
They all start with "Monterrey", and then untied, to come up with their own identity. Salina & # 39; history is connected with agriculture, which makes it a little different than the peninsula surrounding Monterey. We can not say that the only Salinas story & # 39 is agriculture, but this is the cornerstone of its existence. Pacific Grove has come earlier than Carmel. It began as a retreat of the Methodist Church in 1870 and has retained identity as a seaside settlement of a rather hard and the atmosphere of his native city. Carmel-y-by-Sea was a colony of artists that became known California artist after the earthquake in San Francisco in 1906. He developed a bohemian flare, which spread along the coast to the Great Qur'an. One of the best things about Monterey and the surrounding community – is the truth of cultures and the unique role they have developed to make this area more than just a one-dimensional space.
As historians have established and interpreted the history of Monterrey and if you believe in what their perception is true?
I love this question. Without going into a complete historiography of Monterrey, I would say that earlier interpretations were too romanticized and often repeated without investigation. They where often one-dimensional, only look at one aspect of the subject, ignoring the other elements that helped to complete a more diverse picture.
A good example -. Between 1850 and 1880, when most historians claims that Monterey has been in decline, with no ambitions of civil and economic base. It just was not sure. So, in Monterrey had economic differences, but each city in California was suffering from the same problems. If you look at the Chinese sought at this time on the site, Monterrey was better than most.
Too often in the history of Monterrey, we ignored the contribution of different cultures. The study of history has changed significantly over the past 30-40 years. In our interpretation we no longer look at the culture, gender and class, that gives a more complete history. I suspect that in 30 or 40 years, another historian can criticize my work on the basis of new sources and methods that have been developed.
In your book you mention that Monterey culturally has a relationship with his native heritage, but this connection is secondary to the Euro-American past. Why do you believe in it and how it shows today?
Native residents of Monterrey, known as rsmc, did not have a written language, much of what we know about them – that is what missionaries recorded, and several oral stories that have been passed on for generations. In order to survive, since ancient times married with the Spanish and Californians, and they wrote the story, often ignoring their own native inheritance. We know that the descendants of those first settlers still live in the area, and it is the connection that Monterey has a native heritage.
What is the origin of "Seventeen miles," and you could briefly describe this tourist attraction?
In 1880, Charles Crocker opened the Del Monte Hotel. They dubbed him as "the most elegant seaside facility in the world." Presidents, royal representatives, business leaders and celebrities came from all over the world to enjoy the hotel and all of its benefits. One of its attractions was riding on the ride or horseback riding through the forest Del Monte and along the picturesque coastline of the peninsula. The initial 25-mile trail started at the hotel and ran a hunting lodge on the pebble beach. Today the hotel is Naval Graduate School, and in the bed – the bed on the pebble beach.
I understand that in the beginning of October in Monterrey will take History Fest. What is it?
Association of History and Art Monterey, California, historic park and the city of Monterey, with & # 39 are part of the MPR for promotion sponsors stories Monterrey History Fest. It is a means of promoting the various layers and the various aspects of the past Montereya. In the history of Monterey has exhibits and programs that educate and illuminate the visitors as well as locals. For this holiday joined by other organizations, such as military bases, the League of historic gardens and cultural groups.
What is the historical significance of a number of canning?
After the turn of the century (20th century) Monterrey experienced growth in the 3 regions. First, tourism has been connected to the hotel Del Monte. Secondly, it was the return of the army in the military reserve of Monterey, which is now known as the presidency of Monterrey, and thirdly, the expansion of the fishing and canning industry. After the First World War, the demand for canned sardines helped create an entire industry that is based on the idea to take the fish out of sea customers. Not only were canneries, but also byproducts were turned into fertilizer, chicken feed, fish oil and other needs.
As the smell associated with the provision of premises, was so strong, canneries have been moved away from the city and the hotel Del Monte along the waterfront in the American Prospect.
It is with this industrial, blue collar, Shteynbek found his inspiration for Tortilla flats, Cannery Row, Sweet Thursday and East Eden. Thus, the value of a double today. Firstly, this is the place for fourteen canneries, which accounted for a number. And secondly, it is literary history associated with John Shteynbekam.
In his conclusion to the book you show that today Monterey is located at the crossroads of how he would solve the issues of development, water restrictions, traffic congestion and the cost of living. Could you shortly to finalize?
The problems that you stated above, common to all communities on the Monterey Peninsula. For information on how these problems can be solved at the local level, will be the next important chapter in the history of "Monterrey". For the city of Monterrey, each of the problems can fully change the views of Monterey will be considered in the future. What type of development will be allowed, how will we manage our limited water supply, how the young seven & # 39; and will allow himself a house, where even the smallest cottage fee of $ 800,000, as we answer these questions will be our story.
There is something else that you would like to add that we have not covered, and what's next for Jim Conway?
I think that we are bombarded with a large amount of land. I hope that I was able to meet with the past Monterrey and create some interest in its future. This is an exciting place for a historian, and I am looking forward to share it with those who are discovering their heritage.
Next to Jim Conway – a book about the California Constitutional Convention, which was held at Colton Hall. Surprisingly, that is not done nothing else for this important event, especially if you put it in context with what was happening across the United States at the time. But do not expect in the near future, because I have to do in this city. And this load by itself addictive.
Thanks again Jim
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